What Is A Cutting Tool?

May. 14, 2021

Machining is a manufacturing operation in which excess material is gradually removed by shearing from a prefabricated blank in the form of chips. A rigid, hard, wedge-shaped device, called a cutting tool, is used to compress the working material and thereby shear the excess layer of material.

Thus, the purpose of the cutting tool  is to compress a specific layer of the work material in order to shear it off. Therefore, the cutting tool must have a wedge shape with sharp edges in order to smoothly and efficiently remove the material that requires minimal power. At the same time, the tool material should be hard enough to withstand the intense friction that occurs during machining. Next, the cutting tool supplier will find out what the cutting tool is all about.

What is a cutting tool?

A cutting tool is a wedge-shaped, sharp-edged device used to remove excess layers of material from a workpiece by shearing during machining to obtain the desired shape, size, and accuracy. It is firmly mounted on the machine tool. The relative speed between the workpiece and the cutting tool is also provided by the various mechanical and other arrangements used for the cutting action.

Universal Cutting Tool – UTC

IECHO UCT can perfectly cut materials with a thickness of up to 5mm. Compared to other cutting tools, UCT is the most cost-effective one that allows for the fastest cutting speed and lowest maintenance cost. The protective sleeve equipped with spring ensures cutting accuracy.

Creasing Tool

Universal Cutting Tool

Creasing Tool Type-CTT

IECHO CTT is for creasing on the corrugated materials. A selection of creasing tools allows for perfect creasing. Coordinated with the cutting software, the tool can cut the corrugated materials along its structure or the reverse direction to have the finest creasing result, without any damage to the corrugated material's surface.

What Is A Cutting Tool?cid=14

Creasing Tool

Tool material

During machining, a portion of the cutting tool remains in physical contact with the workpiece and is therefore subjected to severe cutting temperatures and constant friction. The material of the cutting tool must have the ability to withstand such high cutting temperatures and cutting forces. Each tool material must have certain properties such as high hardness, high thermal hardness, high strength, higher melting point and chemical inertness even at high cutting temperatures. As a rule of thumb, the hardness of the tool material should be at least 1.5 times the hardness of the workpiece in order to achieve a smooth cutting result.

Suitable coatings can also be applied to the tool to improve the various desired properties. However, coated tools cannot be easily resharpened by grinding if the edges wear after long use. Today, it is possible to use insert-based tools that have small, interchangeable inserts inserted or clamped into large tool shanks. These inserts perform cutting operations and therefore wear gradually. When wear exceeds the allowable limit, the insert can be replaced with a new blade and the tool holder can be reused. Listed below are some of the commonly used tool materials on the market today.

High-Speed Steel (HSS)

Tungsten Carbide


Cubic Boron Nitride (CBN)




IECHO cutters are entirely modular, the configurationpossibilities virtually endless. The Product Finder helpsyou find what you are looking for more quickly.

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